Pate de Verre Technique by Liuli Crystal Art
Pate de verre 12-steps Process:
The 12 steps:
- Design and sculpting
- Silicone molding
- Infusion of molten wax
- Shedding of silicon mold
- Wax form refinement, removing imperfections
- Plaster molding
- Removal of wax with steam
- Choosing color and kiln firing
- Heat at 1,400 degrees Celsius, re-firing
- Removal of plaster mold
- Refining and polishing
- Quality inspection, and etched with limited edition number
Like the adversity, difficulty, challenges, and toils faced by those figures and mythological beings of the legends of China, so, too, this glasswork is forged via exposure to intense elements - specifically heat - which like the radiance of China and its culture, is cultivated and evolves, rising to an improved and heightened level of clarity and lucidness. This glass molding technique can involve three different practices or types, one including glass paste, the other powdered glass, and the final crushed glass or cullet. Providing incredibly smooth and transparent quality glass, this process is continually being utilized and expanded upon for increasingly greater results.
The History Behind Pate-De-Verre
In the 19th century, the French revived lost-wax casting, a lost-art dating back three thousand years to ancient Egypt. The technique was resurrected during the Art Nouveau period, becoming the catalyst for modern European Liuli art.
According to known artifacts, the Chinese mastery of the technique dates back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD). However, the art was lost after this period and became a regretful void in the timeline of Chinese history. Pate-de-verre did not reappear in the country until 1987 when LIULI revived the lost-art and in turn, Chinese Liuli. Because of it, there are over one hundred Liuli workshops in the Asian world that use pate-de-verre nowadays.